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DicoPolHiS

Political Dictionary of the History of Health

Dictionary

    • Aerobics

      The Gym Tonic aerobics programme heralded the advent of a new politics of the female body

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    • Bafia, 1928



      The events that took place in the district of Bafia in 1928, illustrate the political stakes of vaccine resistance in the colonial world.Roughly translated : « Sleepers of the fat kind in Cameroon taken...

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    • Caesarian section

      In 19th century Belgium, post-mortem caesarean section turned into a politicized debate.

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    • Caster Semenya

      The case of Caster Semenya politicises through sport the intersex condition.

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    • Clitoris

      Almost entirely overlooked throughout the 20th century, neglected by contemporary medical manuals, the clitoris has gradually returned centre stage thanks to Western feminism.

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    • Criminal abortion

      In 1852 the criminalisation of abortion is reaffirmed after the Academy of Medicine arrived at a resolution regarding therapeutic abortion.

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    • Drapetomania

      Drapotemania exemplifies the existence of psychiatric diagnoses rooted in the political stigmatisation of a social group.

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    • Emergency medicine

      The 20th century oversaw the development of emergency medicine as a new public health norm.

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    • Excess mortality in psychiatric hospitals

      Did excess mortality among the Great War insane result from a political choice?

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    • Hymen

      By asserting the hymen, a ubiquitous trait of female anatomy, 19th physicians reinforced the taboos affecting women's sexuality.

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    • Intelligence test

      From the outset, the measurement of intelligence was as much a scientific as an eminently political endeavour.

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    • LSD

      LSD was, for a while in the 50s, a promising medication before becoming controversial.

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    • Lyme

      Patients and physicians hold conflicting political and scientific views on the existence of an emerging disease caused by tick bites.

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    • Mecca

      In 1865 cholera spread from Mecca to the rest of the world, redirecting just-born international health policy’s priorities on Muslim pilgrimage flows.

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    • Neurodiversity

      The notion of neurodiversity appeared at the end of the 90s in an effort to de-pathologize mental illness and combat discrimination.

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    • Obesity

      Over the course of the 20th century, obesity came to be seen as a public health issue.

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    • Officiers de santé

      Should the new career of assistant medical be understood as a return to the Officiers de Santé status ?

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    • Radicalisation and psychiatry

      The lumping together of mental illness and radicalisation leads to negating the latter’s implication in individual and collective history

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    • Social paediatrics



      Social paediatrics aim to think of child health holistically, within its environment and to act socially. Social paediatrics aim to think of child health holistically, within its environment and to act...

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    • Tattoos

      A body enhancing aesthetic practice, tattooing pertained, in the 19th century, to the world of crime and social deviance.

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    • Telemedicine

      The Covid-19 pandemic finds us revisiting an ancient practice: telemedicine.

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    • The Blind

      The Great War marked a second turning point in the history of social policies towards the blind.

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